Argentina has an estimated population of 44.78 million this year.

As a very sizable country of 2,780,400 square kilometers of area, it has a fairly low population density of just 14 people per square kilometer (37/square mile), which ranks 212th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Buenos Aires, an autonomous city that is the second-largest metro area in South America. Buenos Aires has a population of 3 million, with a metropolitan population of close to 13 million.

92% of Argentina's population live in cities, with the 10 largest metro areas accounting for nearly half of the population.

Argentina is a very diverse country of immigrants. Argentines often call the country a "crisol de razas," or mix of races. Between the 18th and 19th centuries, Argentina received more than 6.6 million immigrants, second only to the United States, which helped the country's population double every 20 years.

Most Argentines are descended from several European ethnic groups, with more than 55% having Italian origins. The second-most common ethnic origin is Spanish. About 17% have French origins, and about 8% are descended from German immigrants. Argentina today has a large Arab population, most of whom are from Syria and Lebanon.There are also about 180,000 Asian people, mostly of Chinese and Korean origins. Additionally, the Argentine government estimates there are 750,000 residents without official documents, many of whom immigrated from Paraguay, Peru, and Bolivia.